Chautauqua was an adult education and social movement in the United States, highly popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Chautauqua assemblies expanded and spread throughout rural America until the mids. The Chautauqua brought entertainment and culture for the whole community, with speakers, teachers, musicians, showmen, preachers, and specialists of the day. Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was quoted as saying that Chautauqua . In the past, education has been deemed to be the source of power -according to the Old education system dating in the 19th century, “Knowledge is power”. Over time as educational reforms have been analyzed and a wave of critical analysis has been put on to education, a movement called “New education” arose.
In the nineteenth century there was a high degree of illiteracy among the Italian population, especially in the southern region, notably in Sicily. As Italy shifted from agricultural to industrial society, schools became increasingly more important to the socioeconomic and cultural development of the country in the twentieth century. Primary Public Education—National Schools from The national system of education established by the state in was the outstanding educational innovation in nineteenth-century Ireland. In the s education at the elementary level was a major battleground between Protestant evangelicals and the Catholic Church.
Education - Education - Western education in the 19th century: From the midth century to the closing years of the 18th century, new social, economic, and intellectual forces steadily quickened—forces that in the late 18th and the 19th centuries would weaken and, in many cases, end the old aristocratic absolutism. The European expansion to new worlds overseas had . Among the recommendations he made in his Avertissement was for a clearer distinction to be made between secondary and higher education (not achieved until the nineteenth century): secondary collèges would focus on grammar, rhetoric, and logic, while higher education would offer a more encyclopedic range of studies (including French grammar and literature). All .